I swear I’ll be done with this topic soon! After my last post, in which I theorized the different types of literacy were more alike than not alike, I made a chart (because I misread the assignment- I’m supposed to make a diagram, not a chart. oops) about the differences between the 4 types of literacy I discussed before. I was surprised at how easy it was to separate these terms out into 4 distinct categories. Maybe they’re more different than I thought.
This is an awfully simplified version of the differences between Information, Media, and Digital Literacy. For the purposes of this table, I have treated the concepts as separate, but in reality there is quite a lot that is the same between all four concepts.
Note#1: I reserve the right to change this as I change my mind. :)
Note #2: On Jenny Levine’s suggestion, I’ve added “evaluating” as one of the primary activities in Information Literacy.
|Literacy||Information literacy||Media Literacy||Digital Literacy|
|Primary Activity||Reading and Writing||Reading, Writing, Evaluating, Using||Reading, Watching, Listening, Writing, Using, Creating||Reading, Watching, Listening, Writing, Using, Creating, Combining (mashups), Remixing|
|Sources||Books, maybe newspapers||Books, newspapers, magazines, journals, vetted content||Books, newspapers, TV, Radio, Internet (mostly corporate/official content)||Text, Video, Audio (emphasis on user created/user filtered content)|
|Emphasis on||The basic ability to read and write, for fun and comprehension.||Finding good sources for information.||Being able to get information from various kinds of media.||Content over source. Being able to evaluate material for quality regardless of source.|
|Pros||Emphasis on reading for fun and comprehension can lead to deeper understanding.||Focus on authenticated information means less time spent determining accuracy of information. Also decreases chance of using bad information.||Embraces absorption of information from a variety of media, thereby expanding possible sources of information.||Maximum amount of information considered, delivery methods make it likely that information will be fresh and timely.|
|Cons||User can miss out on a lot of material not in traditional text based formats.||Focus on authenticated content means one can possibly miss out on other, useful content. Might ignore delivery methods other than text.||Major media outlets can leave out a lot of content and may be influenced by funding, some media hard to reuse or cite.||Focus on user driven creation and selection of content can lead to a confirmation bias, and popular does not necessarily = right.|
|Term used by||Everyone||Librarians, some educators||Educators (esp. K-12), some librarians||Educators, some librarians, and techno-proselytizers|
|Sometimes confused with||Level of intelligence||Bibliographic instruction, Library Use instruction||N/A?||Computer literacy|